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Credits: www.chemorbis.com As the evolving impact of the pandemic changes key aspects of trading and the supply/demand imbalance left its mark on global petrochemical markets during 2021, let us have a look at some of the underlying fundamentals that would have a say on markets in 2022. How things are likely to play out in […]

January 12, 2022

What to watch in 2022 in polymer markets?

Credits: www.chemorbis.com

As the evolving impact of the pandemic changes key aspects of trading and the supply/demand imbalance left its mark on global petrochemical markets during 2021, let us have a look at some of the underlying fundamentals that would have a say on markets in 2022.

How things are likely to play out in 2022’s economic environment?

The global economic recovery is projected to prevail through 2022, although tightening monetary policies are put in place to tame inflation. Still, economists point to a slew of headwinds including new variants, inflationary pressures, Fed’s potential rate hikes, China’s property downturn and geopolitical concerns that may slow down the pace of the growth.

Asian countries are trying to keep Omicron at bay, while the raging variant has already led to a lockdown in China and reintroduced measures elsewhere to suppress the prevalence of the virus.That is to say, the likelihood of further disruptions in the supply chain and labour shortage would be high in case of more lockdowns caused by the new variants.

The threat of inflation and its implication for rates will be under close watch as well. Fed’s potential rate hikes, three possibly next year, to fight inflation and the government’s plans to cut back on pandemic-era stimulus not only pose challenges for the US economy in the longer run but also put emerging economies at risk of slowing. This is because higher rates boost the USD and trigger capital outflows and currency fluctuations in the emerging markets.

China’s post-COVID recovery has been hurt by virus-led lockdowns, energy shortages and Evergrande’s debt problems in 2021. The real estate slump and zero-case strategy could cast a pall on the growth and rattle global markets.

Logistics snarls to prevail

Supply chain disruptions have been unarguably immense throughout 2021 due to lingering shipping backlogs. Although shipping congestion slightly eased towards the end of the year, shipping costs are still elevated. Drewry’s global benchmark hit an all-time high in September 2021 after posting a hike of more than 500% from the H1 2020. Freight rates currently indicate a 11% drop from their September peak, but they are still standing 170% above the same period of last year.

Port operations and land transportation could be easily disrupted in case of lockdowns and other restrictive measures. According to participants, moving cargoes takes longer than usual amid the lingering impact of the Covid-19.

According to Bloomberg, before the pandemic, it would take about 45 days from the time cargo was picked up at a factory in Asia for it to depart the US West Coast ports by rail or truck for a warehouse; today, it takes 105 days.

An immediate relief in logistics operations is not deemed likely if countries reintroduce restrictions. The logistics industry will need to expand its limits due to the fact that long-term infrastructure overhauls take time, let alone the continued growth in consumer spending.

The long-term solution to the logjams is to invest in upgrades at the ports, including rejiggering designs to allow for bigger vessels, adding terminal and yard space and more cranes and building up inland facilities and access points, an industry expert reported to Bloomberg. “The infrastructure bill will help, but the timeline is 10 years, not 10 months,” he said.

Oil prices on shaky ground

Views over the demand outlook diverge in the thick of the new Omicron variant. The International Energy Agency (IEA) and the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) both cut their oil demand forecasts through March due to rising cases and new restrictions on international travel.

Global inflation and supply bottlenecks, ongoing trade issues and their impact on industrial and transportation fuel requirements weigh on the energy estimates. EIA forecasts crude oil prices to retreat to $63-68/bbl in 2022.

Nevertheless, OPEC has raised its oil demand forecast for Q1 2022, highlighting that the impact of the new Omicron variant on oil demand will be mild and short-lived as the world becomes better equipped to manage Covid-19 and its related challenges.

OPEC also predicts a jump in China’s oil consumption and other non-OECD Asian countries. Despite OPEC’s rosy scenario, there are also reports foreseeing a slowdown in China’s oil consumption in the first quarter due to stricter measures and lockdowns. The Winter Olympics, taking place in February, would be a major boost to the economy, if it were not for the zero-case policy and entry restrictions. The government’s plans to reduce air pollution ahead of the event lead to reduced operating rates and crimp oil demand.

Credits: www.packagingdigest.com Recycling has become an inseparable part of the circular economy. Brand owners are committed to aggressive recycled-content goals as well as the desire for their packages to be post-consumer use recyclable. It is undeniable that recycling reduces carbon footprint and eliminates the need for landfill disposal. With respect to PET, there are significant […]

January 12, 2022

Actionable Ways to Minimize PET Recycle Stream Contamination

Credits: www.packagingdigest.com

Recycling has become an inseparable part of the circular economy. Brand owners are committed to aggressive recycled-content goals as well as the desire for their packages to be post-consumer use recyclable. It is undeniable that recycling reduces carbon footprint and eliminates the need for landfill disposal.

With respect to PET, there are significant challenges in obtaining good, clean material to meet those goals.  Here are some of the challenges:

  • Recycling rates in the US continue to be low, significantly under pacing efforts in Europe. Less recycling means lower amounts of materials available to produce next-generation materials.
  • Consumers do not always comply with local recycling rules.

Recycling has become an inseparable part of the circular economy. Brand owners are committed to aggressive recycled-content goals as well as the desire for their packages to be post-consumer use recyclable. It is undeniable that recycling reduces carbon footprint and eliminates the need for landfill disposal.

With respect to PET, there are significant challenges in obtaining good, clean material to meet those goals.  Here are some of the challenges:

  • Recycling rates in the US continue to be low, significantly under pacing efforts in Europe. Less recycling means lower amounts of materials available to produce next-generation materials.
  • Consumers do not always comply with local recycling rules.

Brands are working toward making their packaging recyclable, but efforts need to increase, and additional technology inroads need to be made. These challenges can lead to compromised recycled resin quality at a time when the reclaimers are searching more material.

Another part of this equation is how bottles are collected, whether curbside or bottle deposit. The latter requires a bottle to be sold with a refundable deposit. The deposits are redeemable upon return of the bottle to participating retailers. The deposit approach is used in several states and has two benefits for recycling:

  • Recycling utilization is significantly higher compared to non-deposit states.
  • Quality of the recycled PET from deposit states is superior to curbside or municipal recycling programs as there are lower levels of contamination as the PET bottles are not mixed with other packaging materials.

In the non-deposit states, single-stream recycling has been gaining favor with the MRFs and consumers. Because it is easy to do, this approach has been shown to increase the likelihood of consumer participation in recycling programs. The downside is the contamination that comes with combining all the packaging materials together. Here are some of the challenges with that approach:

  • Non-PET packaging materials such as corrugate, HDPE, glass, PP and PVC;
  • Labels, inks and residual glue and adhesives;
  • Metals: both ferrous (magnetic) and non-ferrous (aluminum);
  • Product residues, dirt, and assorted debris;
  • Coatings (both chemical & plasma deposited);
  • Non-adhering barrier layers such as ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) and nylon;
  • Dirt, syrup, wood particles from pallets.

Communities can help improve the outcome by providing consumers with information on how to recycle properly in their community. Brand owners and packaging suppliers can assist by selecting recyclable materials for their packaging and recycle friendly components such as:

  • Adhesives for labels that separate from PET bottles so that the adhesive can be removed from the waste stream.
  • Labels made from PET with inks that separate and can be removed in recycling.
  • Labels made from other polymers that can be separated from PET and float away during recycling.
  • Label inks that do not separate and redeposit on PET flake.

Cleaning technology also matters. The reclaimer must separate and remove the contaminant to enable a brighter, cleaner appearance of next-generation PET bottles. In turn, this allows for higher levels of recycled content to be used.

Credits: www.sunchemical.com PARSIPPANY, N.J., U.S.A. – January 10, 2022 – Sun Chemical has acquired SAPICI, a global leading company in high-performance polyurethanes for coatings, flexible packaging, industrial adhesives, and more. With SAPICI, Sun Chemical reinforces its integrated supply strategy in the packaging market by adding capabilities to develop and produce unique polymers for the entire portfolio of […]

January 11, 2022

Sun Chemical Acquires SAPICI to Expand Customer Offerings in Polymers and Lamination Adhesives Market

Credits: www.sunchemical.com

PARSIPPANY, N.J., U.S.A. – January 10, 2022 – Sun Chemical has acquired SAPICI, a global leading company in high-performance polyurethanes for coatings, flexible packaging, industrial adhesives, and more.

With SAPICI, Sun Chemical reinforces its integrated supply strategy in the packaging market by adding capabilities to develop and produce unique polymers for the entire portfolio of inks, coatings, and lamination adhesives.

The combined resources and technologies of DIC/Sun Chemical and SAPICI will provide a comprehensive and unique polymer portfolio for areas such as industrial coatings, elastomers, industrial adhesives, and sealants.

The acquisition of SAPICI will transform Sun Chemical into an integrated player in the lamination adhesives market, directly owning assets, technologies and resources to improve the product portfolio.

“Providing our customers with the most effective solutions on the market is priority number one, and the acquisition of SAPICI enables innovation in lamination adhesives to better serve this base,” said Mehran Yazdani, President, Global Packaging and Advanced Materials, Sun Chemical. “SAPICI’s core competencies in the manufacturing of ultra-low monomer isocyanates-based solutions will allow Sun Chemical to further address both current and future trends in sustainability, compliance, food contact, health and safety—reinforcing our commitment to responsible care.”

“By joining forces with industry leader Sun Chemical, our team can utilize their vast resources for the next wave of innovation in coatings, adhesives, elastomers and sealants applications, ultimately improving the products our customers rely upon daily,” said Cristian Furiosi, CEO, SAPICI. “The extensive experience and product portfolio our organization has in this market, combined with Sun Chemical and DIC Corporation’s expertise and complementary products, provide an all-encompassing solution to excite our customers.”

Tawazon features in this edition of PPCJ. Since 1879, the internationally respected Polymers Paint Colour Journal has been providing news, in-depth features, and insight into the latest developments, making it the longest-serving journal in the coatings industry. Each issue carries the latest on new regulations and legislation as they affect our industry and, importantly for today’s market, […]

December 6, 2021

Tawazon features in this edition of PPCJ. Since 1879, the internationally respected Polymers Paint Colour Journal has been providing news, in-depth features, and insight into the latest developments, making it the longest-serving journal in the coatings industry.

Each issue carries the latest on new regulations and legislation as they affect our industry and, importantly for today’s market, alerts the trade to areas of growth and new territories for business.

PPCJ has a unique synergy with not only its own exhibitions but also with others worldwide, offering a distribution that is unrivaled, in the coatings industry.

Tawazon featured in the year-end edition of the coveted PPCJ magazine ( Dec 2021 edition ). Please find below the link for the same.

https://flickread.com/edition/html/free/61a9fe2971ad0#18

Credits: asiapacificcoatingsjournal.com Evonik’s Coating Additives business line has used an innovative process technology at its Hanau site to develop four new fumed silicas from the AEROSIL® family that are much easier to disperse: The new product group consisting of AEROSIL® E 805, AEROSIL® E 812, AEROSIL® E 972 and AEROSIL® E 9200 is such that […]

December 2, 2021

Innovative manufacturing process simplifies dispersion of AEROSIL® silicas

Credits: asiapacificcoatingsjournal.com

Evonik’s Coating Additives business line has used an innovative process technology at its Hanau site to develop four new fumed silicas from the AEROSIL® family that are much easier to disperse: The new product group consisting of AEROSIL® E 805, AEROSIL® E 812, AEROSIL® E 972 and AEROSIL® E 9200 is such that formulators can omit the time-consuming and costly grinding step, for example with a bead mill, when incorporating them into paints or coatings.

All the proven properties of the corresponding standard additives AEROSIL R 805, AEROSIL R 812, AEROSIL R 972 and AEROSIL®R 9200 are retained.

The speciality chemicals group’s four new easy-to-disperse (E2D) products – like their alternatives in the standard range – are suitable for rheology control in both pigmented and clear coating formulations. The main applications are wood, plastic, automotive, and general industrial coatings. AEROSIL E 972 is more universally applicable, while the other silicas are intended for specific applications – for example, AEROSIL E 812 and AEROSIL E 805 are suitable for automotive OEM clear coats, and AEROSIL E 9200 is used primarily for special scratch resistance.

New AEROSIL® E additives simplify complex production process
The rheological properties of both product groups are the same – with considerably simplified dispersion of the new AEROSIL E products. To manufacture them, the company is already producing commercial quantities at the Hanau site in Germany and has started construction of a new production plant for fumed silica in Rheinfelden. This will significantly increase capacities to meet the high level of market interest.

The dispersion process for rheological additives – such as fumed silica – used to be complex and time-consuming. Paint manufacturers had to grind the silicas in a long and intensive grinding step using a bead mill to ensure that they were homogeneously dispersed in the formulation and could thus develop their full rheological potential.

Now, if the formulator uses the new AEROSIL E products, the use of an energy-intensive bead mill is no longer necessary. “We have relieved our customers of this additional work,” says Maximilian Morin, head of the Industrial & Transportation Coatings market segment. “This is because the new silicas can be dispersed in just a single grinding step using a dissolver.” This proves to be a clear advantage, especially in the production of clear coatings.

Subsequent control of rheological coating properties
This easier dispersibility of additives reduces processing times, lowers energy consumption in production, and cuts the amount of manpower and materials needed for machine maintenance and cleaning. Processes thus become more efficient and sustainable. Another advantage is that the formulator can also add the new E2D products to the finished coating at a later stage. “This allows the formulator to control and adjust the rheology at any time,” says Maximilian Cornelius, Head of Application Technology AEROSIL. “This is unique.”

He added that the newly developed manufacturing process should not be limited to these four new AEROSIL E products. “Therefore, our goal is to use the innovative technology to offer customers other additives that are easier to disperse in the future.”

Technical, regulatory, and safety data sheets for AEROSIL E 805, AEROSIL E 812, AEROSIL E 972 and AEROSIL E 9200 can be found at www.coating-additives.com.

Evonik is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of silica. In addition to the precipitated silica-based matting agents under the brand name ACEMATT®, the precipitated silicas ULTRASIL®, SIPERNAT®, ZEODENT® and SPHERILEX®, Evonik also produces fumed silica AEROSIL and other fumed metal oxides under the brand name AEROXIDE®. In total, the company has a global capacity of around 1,000,000 metric tons per year for all silicas.

Credits: Indeed Editorial Team Knowing how to write a resume is important in helping you apply for a job successfully. Writing a resume that includes your best qualities can help you impress hiring managers and get the job you want. Even if you don’t yet have much professional experience, you can still adjust your resume […]

November 30, 2021

How to Write a Resume If You Are a Fresh Graduate

Credits: Indeed Editorial Team

Knowing how to write a resume is important in helping you apply for a job successfully. Writing a resume that includes your best qualities can help you impress hiring managers and get the job you want. Even if you don’t yet have much professional experience, you can still adjust your resume to look good for potential employers. In this article, we discuss how to create compelling resumes that can help you convince recruiters no matter how recently you’ve graduated.

Experience to include on a resume for your first job

If you’ve been working in a professional role for several years, your “Work Experience” section will make up most of your resume. For someone without work experience, it is important for your resume to demonstrate the steps you are taking to gain skills relevant to the position you are applying for. You also want to share experiences that highlight the personal qualities that qualify you for the role.

Here are examples of experiences you can include when writing your first resume:

  • Jobs like serving at a tea shop or part-time customer service associate at a retail store
  • Extracurricular activities, including sports and clubs
  • Apprenticeships and vocational training
  • Volunteer work

In your resume, you want to mention specific skills you gained in each role relevant to the job listing. Be sure to highlight important goals or improvements you achieved during the period preceding your job application.

Here is an example of how to outline your experience when applying for a customer service position at a restaurant:

Bao Bao Noodles Shop

2018-Present

  • Welcome diners into the shop, making sure they get a comfortable seat
  • Chat with customers and recommend the latest items on the menu
  • Take guests’ orders, send their requests to the kitchen and ensure timely and correct delivery of meals
  • Process payments, balance accounts after shifts and train staff to provide high-quality service
  • Use customer service skills to improve guest satisfaction, client retention and conflict resolution
  • Help improve the ratings of the shop by 55% according to monthly customer surveys

How to write a resume as a new graduate

Follow the following steps to create your resume as a fresh graduate. The most important thing is to ensure that your resume includes skills and experiences relevant to the job you are applying for. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you write a powerful resume if you have no work experience:

1. Choose an appropriate resume format

Before you write a resume, you must choose an acceptable format. The format should allow you to showcase the qualities that make you an ideal candidate for their role.

Many employers prefer the chronological resume format where you list experiences and achievements from the most recent to the oldest. However, you can also use a functional or combination resume format if it allows you to best showcase yourself as a good fit for the role. Regardless of the resume format, make sure the document has a consistent structure throughout.

2. Use a resume header

Your resume header contains your contact details. It should include your name, email address, and telephone number. In some cases, the employer may require you to include your nationality, photo, and home address. This section should be bold and clear so that the recruiter can quickly find your name and personal details if they need to reach you for more information or follow-up.

3. Write a catchy professional summary

The professional summary or statement summarises your ambitions, qualifications, experiences, and skills. It describes your achievements so far and what you intend to bring to the role if the employer hires you. While the executive summary is limited to two or three sentences, use it to showcase the qualities that best qualify you. If you took a specialist course related to the role, mention it here.

4. Outline job-specific educational achievements

Besides the name of your educational institutions and dates attended, the education section can also include details of your major, relevant coursework, awards, activities, publications, and grades. You don’t have to list everything you did in the university. Include job-relevant academic achievements that will make you a more desirable candidate for hiring managers.

5. Highlight job-specific experience

In the work experience section, you can include any past activities related to the duties and responsibilities employers expect you to perform if hired. Internships, apprenticeships, volunteer work experience can be mentioned here. You can also include any part-time work and extracurricular activities relevant to the role. When writing your experience, list responsibilities and achievements as bullet points. Start each bullet with a power verb and where possible, include numbers to quantify your results.

6. Mention skills relevant to the position

It is also important to include your skills on your resume. The best way to do this is to study the job ad for the specific skills and competencies the employer is looking for in the ideal candidate. After identifying and listing the skills required for the role, you also want to show how those credentials helped you deliver in the past.

7. Include additional sections that will boost your candidacy

You can also include language skills, hobbies and interests, certifications, and other details that strengthen your job application. Make sure to only include additional sections if it will increase your chances of getting the role.

Example of a recent graduate resume

Here is an example of a fresh graduate resume:

Joshua Wang

+55-5555-5555

joshuawang@email.com

Personal statement

A highly motivated recent graduate of Marketing with a GPA of 4.5 from the National University of Singapore. Experienced in retail sales, POS payment systems, strong in basic accounting practices, and fluent in Mandarin and English. Seeking to join ABM Industries as a sales representative to help achieve revenue targets, boost customer satisfaction and improve market access.

Education

The National University of Singapore | 2015-2019

Bachelor of Science in Marketing

  • Minor in retail services
  • GPA: 4.5

Relevant coursework

  • Consumer behaviour
  • Retail and store management
  • Basic accounting
  • Introduction to electronic payment systems

Achievements

  • Dean’s list
  • Best graduating student in the college of business administration

Extracurricular activities

  • Secretary, Marketing Student Association
  • Treasurer, Campus Music Club

Experience

Banyan Hainanese Chicken

Part-time restaurant manager

2018-Present

  • Supervised restaurant staff to ensure guest orders are processed correctly and swiftly
  • Oversaw POS terminals and processed patrons’ payments and takeaway orders
  • Welcomed guests into the restaurant, introduced and recommended new menu items for sampling
  • Marketed new products, special events, discounts and seasonal promotions to guests
  • Settled guest disputes quickly and ensured diners always have a great experience

TiaTia’s Fashion House

Sales representative

2017-2018

  • Showed customers new inventory, made recommendations and demonstrated combinations of products to help buyers make an informed choice
  • Performed customer service functions to gain and maintain client trust
  • Sold up to S$40,000 worth of merchandise in five different months, resulting in three letters of commendation from the manager
  • Performed inventory management functions to ensure that goods are always in stock
  • Balanced accounts at the end of every sales shift

Skills

  • Sales: Mention sales skills relevant to the role. For example, you can highlight an experience in a previous role where your knowledge of sales helped to boost revenue.
  • Customer relations: Highlight customer relations skills such as verbal and written communication, empathy, active listening skills and persuasion.
  • Conflict resolution: Demonstrate how your conflict resolution skills can help improve customer satisfaction and employee relations.
  • Accounting: You can talk about your knowledge of bookkeeping, proficiency in accounting software relevant to the organisation and experience in a role that involves handling cash.
  • Inventory management: If the job requires knowledge of inventory management, you can mention your experience with spreadsheet software and related tools required for the role.
  • MS Office: Mention how you can apply your knowledge of this software to the position. You can describe how you used the application for record keeping and project management.

Language

  • Fluent in Mandarin Chinese and English

Tips for writing a winning resume

Here are tips to help you create powerful resumes that will impress hiring managers:

  • Understand the job. Read and understand the job description to identify the key skills and competencies the employer desires in the ideal candidate. On your resume, highlight the qualities and experience they are looking for.
  • Follow the chronological resume format. This will allow recruiters to see your most important achievements when they look at the document.
  • Use section headers to highlight the most important parts of your resume. Section headers also make it easier to navigate your document.
  • Choose professionally acceptable fonts like Georgia and Helvetica and other sans serif fonts. Also, set your font size to 10-12 points for regular text and 4-point larger for section headers. Maintain 1-inch margins throughout for regular length resumes. Shorter documents can have larger margins to reduce white space.
  • Proofread the document before submitting it. You can use online tools to check for grammar and typing errors.
  • Keep it short and professional. Include only relevant information to increase your chances of getting employed. It also improves your resume’s readability.

British chemical giant Ineos will build three “world-scale” plants in Saudi Arabia, in what seems to be a geographical diversification for the company. The company has inked a memorandum of understanding with Saudi Aramco and Total SA to build the $2 billion new plants at the Jubail 2 complex, marking its first production footprint in […]

November 30, 2021

Ineos announces $2B investment in Saudi Arabia

British chemical giant Ineos will build three “world-scale” plants in Saudi Arabia, in what seems to be a geographical diversification for the company.

The company has inked a memorandum of understanding with Saudi Aramco and Total SA to build the $2 billion new plants at the Jubail 2 complex, marking its first production footprint in the region.

Saudi Aramco and Total are currently working on a $5 billion Amiral petrochemical complex which will include a “world-size” mixed-feed steam cracker with a capacity of 1.5 million metric tons per year of ethylene and related high-added-value petrochemical units.

In a June 3 statement, Ineos said its three planned units will be part of the project.

Ineos will be build a “state-of-the-art” 425 kilotonne per year (ktpa) acrylonitrile plant, using its homegrown technology and catalyst systems.

The unit, claimed to be the first of its kind in the Middle East, is set for start-up in 2025.

The company will also build a 400ktpa linear alpha olefin plant and an associated poly alpha olefin unit, scheduled for production in 2025.

The location of the units in Saudi Arabia will provide Ineos access to competitive raw materials and energy, as well as enabling the company to better serve customers directly in the Middle East and markets across Asia.

“This is a major milestone for Ineos that marks our first investment in the Middle East,” Chairman Jim Ratcliffe said.

“The timing is right for us to enter this significant agreement in Saudi Arabia with Saudi Aramco and Total. We are bringing advanced downstream technology which will add value and create further jobs in [the country].”

The investment is the latest in a series of major projects carried out by London-based Ineos, which include a $3.4 billion plant at Antwerp, Belgium, and another $1.2 billion in investment across the United Kingdom, acquisitions in China and capacity increases along the U.S. Gulf Coast.

“Global demand for acrylonitrile continues to grow ahead of GDP, to meet the demand for lighter, stronger, energy efficient materials such as ABS, composites and carbon fiber,” Paul Overment. CEO of Ineos Nitriles, said.

The investment in the Middle East is aimed at consolidating the company’s position as the market leader and renewing its commitment to customers’ needs around the world, he added.

Ineos Nitriles currently has four manufacturing plants, two in Texas and Ohio, and two in Germany and the U.K.

Ineos Oligomers has a worldwide network of LAO and PAO production plants and bulk storage locations. The business produces a comprehensive range of speciality and intermediate chemicals derived from ethylene and isobutene.

Commenting on the investment, Wood Mackenzie chemicals principal analyst Patrick Kirby said the decision by Ineos represented a “geographical diversification” for the company.

“The new investments will be integrated with the Saudi Aramco and Total JV mixed-feedstock steam cracker complex. … This will allow for a much wider portfolio of derivatives than previous ethane cracker investments in Saudi Arabia,” Kirby added.

The mixed-feedstock steam cracking and closer integration of refining and chemical operations in Saudi Arabia represents a wider trend developing in the Middle East and Asia Pacific, he said. With the move, oil companies aim to gain further exposure to the petrochemical industry as transportation fuels are set to decline.

A group of organisations that represent the European flexible packaging value chain have called for legislators to develop a recyclability framework that acknowledges the unique challenges and opportunities of flexible packaging. Co-signed by Flexible Packaging Europe, CEFLEX, CAOBISCO, ELIPSO, European Aluminium Foil Association, European Snacks Association, GIFLEX, NRK Verpakkingen, and The European Pet Food Industry, the industry position paper proposes that a “progressive and […]

November 30, 2021

How can recycling frameworks account for flexible packaging?

A group of organisations that represent the European flexible packaging value chain have called for legislators to develop a recyclability framework that acknowledges the unique challenges and opportunities of flexible packaging.

Co-signed by Flexible Packaging EuropeCEFLEXCAOBISCOELIPSOEuropean Aluminium Foil AssociationEuropean Snacks AssociationGIFLEXNRK Verpakkingen, and The European Pet Food Industry, the industry position paper proposes that a “progressive and forward-looking definition of packaging recyclability” is essential if the packaging industry is going to make progress in building a circular economy.

In the paper, the organisations claim that at least half of food primary packaging on the EU market is comprised of flexible packaging, but in weight, it reportedly only accounts for one-sixth of packaging material used. The group says this is because flexible packaging is ideal for protecting products with the smallest amount of material, mainly plastics, aluminium, or paper – or a combination of these, in order to enhance the protective properties of each.

However, the organisations acknowledge that it is this functionality of flexible packaging that can make it more challenging to recycle compared to rigid formats. It is estimated that only around 17% of plastic flexible packaging is recycled into new raw material.

With the ongoing introduction of the Packaging & Packaging Waste Directive (PPWD) and the Circular Economy Action Plan in the EU – both of which the group says it fully endorses – targets such as a potential blanket threshold of 95% recyclability could exacerbate this challenge for the flexible packaging value chain.

Speaking to Packaging Europe in July, Graham Houlder, managing director at CEFLEX, explained that a 95% target “would render a majority of [small consumer flexible packaging] unrecyclable by definition rather than practice”. This is reinforced by the organisations in the recent position paper, which claim that such a target is impossible for flexible packaging as components necessary for its function, such as inks, barrier layers, and adhesives, make up more than 5% of the packaging unit.

The organisations emphasise that life cycle assessments have shown that flexible packaging has a low overall environmental impact, including in terms of its carbon footprint. It warns that as well as compromising the functional properties of flexible packaging, the potential targets of the PPWD could reduce the raw material efficiency and environmental benefits currently offered by flexible packaging.

Additionally, the group says that existing infrastructure was established before the recycling of small flexible packaging was made mandatory and when energy recovery was considered a legitimate alternative. At present, the group suggests that infrastructure is not yet ready to recycle flexible packaging at the capacity expected by EU initiatives. Earlier this year, CEFLEX released a statement saying that different groups needed to collaborate on ensuring the infrastructure was in place to allow the separate collection of flexible packaging.  

In the position paper, the organisations therefore call for a revision of the PPWD to act as the “policy lever” that encourages innovative packaging design, infrastructure development, and comprehensive legislative measures going forward.

Regarding a definition of recyclability, the group adds that it will be important to propose redesigns of material structures that comply with existing structures while simultaneously scaling up the capacity and technologies used in waste managing infrastructure. For example, chemical recycling is flagged as one method that could prevent a “lock-in at the level for existing waste management technologies” in the paper.

As part of the CEFLEX project, specific guidelines for flexible packaging recyclability have been developed. Design for A Circular Economy (D4ACE) is intended to complement established design for recycling (DfR) guidelines for rigid packaging and large flexible packaging. Focusing on polyolefin-based flexible packaging, the guidelines are intended for groups across the packaging value chain, including brand owners, converters, producers, and waste management services, to use in designing a recycling framework for flexible packaging.

The position paper calls for the D4ACE Guidelines to be referenced by the PPWD, which it claims would help to align the value chain in achieving the critical mass required to improve recycling rates of flexible packaging waste material.

The organisations added that, if the PPWD settles on a general definition of recyclable packaging, this will require criteria that can be met by all types of packaging and materials to be effective. It concludes that future legislation should also help flexible packaging to reach its potential by achieving higher recycling rates and full circularity, rather than altering its existing value as a packaging format.

Making this paint really reflective, however, also made it really white, according to Purdue University. The paint reflects 98.1% of solar radiation while also emitting infrared heat. Because the paint absorbs less heat from the sun than it emits, a surface coated with this paint is cooled below the surrounding temperature without consuming power. Using […]

September 18, 2021

Scientists created the world’s whitest paint. It could eliminate the need for air conditioning.

Making this paint really reflective, however, also made it really white, according to Purdue University. The paint reflects 98.1% of solar radiation while also emitting infrared heat. Because the paint absorbs less heat from the sun than it emits, a surface coated with this paint is cooled below the surrounding temperature without consuming power.

Using this new paint to cover a roof area of about 1,000 square feet could result in a cooling power of 10 kilowatts. “That’s more powerful than the air conditioners used by most houses,” Ruan said.

Typical commercial white paint gets warmer rather than cooler. Paints on the market that are designed to reject heat reflect only 80% to 90% of sunlight and can’t make surfaces cooler than their surroundings.

Two features make this paint ultra-white: a very high concentration of a chemical compound called barium sulfate – also used in photo paper and cosmetics – and different particle sizes of barium sulfate in the paint, scientists at Purdue said.

Researchers at Purdue have partnered with a company to put this ultra-white paint on the market, according to a news release.

Packaging demand across the world reached US$917.1bn in 2019 and is expected to grow in the coming four years, according to the latest data from industry analyst Smithers. Consumption at current prices has increased from US$861bn in 2014 to US$891bn in 2018, a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 0.9 percent. Analysis in its comprehensive […]

August 26, 2021

World packaging market to top US$1 trillion in 2024

Packaging demand across the world reached US$917.1bn in 2019 and is expected to grow in the coming four years, according to the latest data from industry analyst Smithers.

Consumption at current prices has increased from US$861bn in 2014 to US$891bn in 2018, a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 0.9 percent. Analysis in its comprehensive study The Future of Global Packaging to 2024 forecast market expansion across 2019–24 at a 2.8 percent CAGR to reach US$1.05 trillion in 2024.

Asia is the largest market and accounted for 40.6 percent of world packaging consumption in 2018. North America is in second place with 22.6 percent of world packaging consumption, ahead of Western Europe with 20.3 percent.

Developing markets
The market will benefit from rising real incomes, growing population, rising urbanization and the further development of retail infrastructure in the emerging and developing nations of Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Eastern Europe. This will see all of these region register packaging consumption grow faster than the world market average rate over the five-year period to 2024.

In contrast more mature markets – North America, Western Europe and Australasia – are forecast to see slower growth, placing a new emphasis on innovation and diversification for packaging suppliers.

China is the world’s largest packaging consumer with a consumption of US$207bn in 2018, ahead of the US on US$173bn, and Japan on US$48.5bn. Across the past five years, the fastest growth has come from India worth US$40.1bn in 2019, it has overtaken both France and Germany to become the fourth largest national market in the world.

Australia in context
Australia is the largest packaging market in Australasia and accounted for approximately 80.0 percent of sales in 2018. New Zealand is the second largest national market with almost 10 percent of sales. They are both mature packaging markets, with high packaging penetration.

In Australia, packaging sales at current prices grew during 2014–18 from $12.2bn (AUD) to $13.9bn, an annual average growth rate of 3.4 percent. In US dollar terms, packaging sales at current prices declined from US$11.0bn to US$10.4bn during the same period, an annual average fall of 1.3 percent.

A reversal of this downward trend is forecast. As the region enters the 2020s it will return to growth returning, at a modest rate of 1.3 percent. This will push the total value above US$14bn in 2024 for the first time.

Sustainability
Sustainability, recycling, over packaging and bans on single-use plastic packaging are key issues for suppliers in developed packaging markets, led by Western Europe. Growing consumer concern over the preservation of the environment is driving demand for more sustainable packaging, based on renewable resources. The ease with which packaging can be collected and recycled is growing in importance for packaging producers, brand owners and governments.

There is mounting public pressure, now being backed by legislation like the EU’s Single-use Plastics Directive, to limit the use of plastic formats. In response brand owners and retail chains are committing to phasing out non-recyclable and difficult to recycle multilayer flexible packaging materials in favor of more sustainable alternatives, such as paper and paperboard.

Material demands
Paperboard is the most used packaging material, accounting for around a third of world packaging markets consumption, followed by flexible packaging at 25.5 percent, rigid plastics at 18.7 percent and metal at 12.1 percent, glass packaging accounts for 5.8 percent and other packaging 4.7 percent.

Concern for the environment is benefiting the corrugated board market due to the perceived and real environmental benefits in using cellulose-based packaging. Lightweighting of board construction is reducing the rate of volume growth slightly, but the value is forecast to rise faster over the Smithers forecast period.

Online shopping will continue to challenge corrugated packaging designers in developing frustration-free packaging options. In conventional retail corrugated packaging companies are emphasizing shelf-ready packaging to reduce the workload for unpacking and displaying.

Despite environmental concerns, worldwide flexible plastic is set to grow at the fastest rate over 2019-2024, followed by rigid plastics and board. The retail sector’s growing demand for extended shelf life for the packaged products and consumer demand for convenience products are driving sales of barrier packaging films. Many different end-use sectors are adopting multilayer flexible packaging solutions, including metallized film. Retort foods and pharmaceuticals packaging are growing markets for PET-based transparent deposition films, while high-barrier films are used in case-ready and modified atmosphere packaging.

End-use applications
Industrial/transit is the largest packaging market and accounted for 43.3 percent of world packaging consumption in 2018. Corrugated boxes account for a large share of global transit packaging consumption, and this will strengthen over the next five years due to the wider use of e-commerce selling channels. In industrial shipping, there will be a rise in the use of intermediate bulk containers (IBCs), and to a lesser extent plastic and steel drums.

Food packaging accounted for 28.4 percent of packaging demand in 2018 but will see slightly slower growth moving forwards. Lifestyle factors are being felt in the food segment, with consumer demand for health and wellness products, urbanization and busier lifestyles, and the continuing rise in single-parent and single-person households. These create a growing demand for convenience products/packaging, more portable packaging for on-the-go consumption and smaller pack sizes.

In developing markets domestic supermarkets/hypermarkets are spreading to many major cities to take a growing share of food and drink consumption, displacing traditional local and independent markets. International retail chains are also expanding their presence in developing regions, bringing more consumers into contact with Western shopping and food consumption habits.

Healthcare packaging consumption is forecast to grow at the fastest rate, just ahead of cosmetics. This is driven by aging populations, and the resultant increase in demand for a wide range of drugs. There is also a growing health awareness among consumers, leading to higher demand for over-the-counter (OTC) medication, vitamins and dietary supplements.

The impact of evolution in demand and the future growth in the packaging market are analyzed critically in the Future of Global Packaging to 2024. This is quantified in a data set of unparalleled granularity, with over 700 data tables and figures, giving current and future growth outlooks for nearly fifty countries worldwide.

Source: Packaging News

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